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Different patterns of labour market integration by migration motivation in Europe: the role of host country human capital

We study whether individual decisions to invest in the host country, such as taking up training, improving language skills, or naturalisation explain differences in labour market integration between migrants depending on their initial motivation. We use cross-national European data from the 2008 ad-hoc module of the labour force survey and use an estimated dependent variable to analyse migrant gaps in labour market participation, employment, occupational status and employment precariousness. Non-economic migrants, and especially refugees, are less well integrated than economic migrants, but these differences diminish over time due to different rates of and returns to investments in host-country human capital.

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